Daniel’s Messianic Prophecy

Daniel 9:24-27 contains a prophecy given to Daniel by the angel Gabriel about when the Messiah would come. It counts off a specific number of years from the start of the restoration of Jerusalem after the exile. This implies the messiah comes sometime in the 1st century AD. For someone that believes in the Tanak but doesn’t believe that Jesus is the Messiah, they must look at 1st-century Jerusalem and find another figure that matches the description of this prophecy.

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Authorship of Books in the Bible

Who wrote the bible? Did the bible copy from pagan myths? Are there alterations? Why should we trust it? How was it constructed? Can we trust it as a historical book? This is an exploration of how some of the books in the bible were possibly compiled based on literary design and a little comparison with other legends.

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1st Century Roman Marriage Law

In Roman law of the 1st century, it was illegal for a man or woman to not be married between the ages of 25-60 (for men) and 20-50 (for women). So for the Romans celibacy was a crime, and there were restrictions on those who were celibate, this is one of the many issues that put Christians at odds with the Roman empire. Especially Paul, because he was celibate and encouraged (but did not require) celibacy in 1 Corinthians 7.

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Bible Apocrypha

Are there other books of the bible besides the 66 canonical ones? There are various groups of non-canon books all with different classifications. Today we are going to talk about the Bible Apocrypha. Apocrypha is a term for works, usually written, of unknown authorship or of doubtful origin.

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Masoretic vs Septuagint

There are two versions of the old testament, and the differences, are some minor and some major. The Masoretic Text is written in Hebrew and is dated to around 900-1100 AD, some suspect that Jews tampered with it to cover up messianic prophecies (like Psalms 22:16). On the other side, there is the Septuagint (aka the LXX) which is a Greek translation of the Old Testament that goes back before the time of Jesus to around 300BC. Many favor this because it is older, but some suspect that this text was corrupted by the predecessors of the Sadducees. The Sadducees adopted some Greek philosophy and deny things like the resurrections because its irrational according to Greek thinking. This has made some people suspicious of its consistency so they trust that the Jews preserved God’s word better in its original language at the end of the first millennium AD than the Greek Septuagint did pre-Christ. The Masoretic Text preserved the Hebrew since, for the layman (non-religious scholar) Jews, spoken Hebrew had faded out of use by then and had been replaced by the Aramaic of the various Empires that ruled Israel.

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